Bangladesh Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital Dhaka Head of State H.E. President Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid
Area 147,570 sq. km Head of Government H.E. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Total Population 152.5 million National Day 26 March
Life Expectancy 69.9  (2011) Type of Government Parliamentary Democracy
Literacy 57.73 ( % of people above ages 15, 2011)   Official Language Bangla
Currency Taka (Tk) Exchange Rate 81.9/US$   (average of period)
Source: ADB Key Indicators, World Development Indicators, and National Web Portal of Bangladesh www.bangladesh.gov.bd
Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2007 (US$ M)* Top 5 Imports, 2007 (US$ M)*
Textiles and textile articles 10662.9 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 3504.4
Live animals; animal products 700.7 Textiles and textile articles 2613.3
Principal Export Destination, 2012 (US$ M)** Principal Imports Sources, 2012** (US$ M) **
United States 3834.3 China 7103.0
Germany 2870.3 India 4861.7
Source: * ADB staff computations at HS 1 digit, using data from UNCOMTRADE; 2007 is the latest year with trade data by commodity groups. **ADB Key Indicators
Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP (current US$, billion)

60.3 89.4 100.4 111.9 116.4

GDP, PPP (current international $)

163.7 226.8 243.5 264.9 286.3
Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations)

-

-

-

-

132

Time to export (days)

35

25

25

25

25

Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards)

-

3.0

3.4

3.4

3.3

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide

7,399.0

16,399.0

16,005.0

22,005.0

20,778.0

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source (% of population with access)

81.2

82.6

82.9

83.2

-

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

49.7

53.1

53.9

54.7

-

Source: World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System