Bhutan Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital Thimphu Head of State H.M. Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Area 38,394 sq. km Head of Government H.E. Lyonchhen Tshering Tobgay
Total Population 733,003 National Day 17 December
Life Expectancy 69.4  years (2013) Type of Government Democratic Constitutional  Monarchy
Literacy 63  %   Official Language Dzongkha
Currency Ngultrum(Nu) Exchange Rate 62.4 US$
Sources:  Key Indicators; Royal Kingdom of Bhutan Portal (www.bhutan.gov.bt);  National Statistical Bureau (http://www.nsb.gov.bt/publication/files/pub9ot4338yv.pdf); and the Kuensel  as of 11 February 2014(www.kuenselonline.com ).
Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2011 (US$ M)* Top 5 Imports, 2011 (US$ M)*
Base metals and articles of base metal 225.5 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 221.5
Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 72.0 Mineral products 193.0
Principal Export Destination, 2012 (US$ M)** Principal Imports Sources, 2012** (US$ M) **
India 182.8 India 227.5
Bangladesh 22.0 Japan 7.4
Source: * ADB staff computations at HS 1 digit, using data from UNCOMTRADE; 2011 is the latest year with trade data by commodity groups. **ADB Key Indicators

Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP (current US$, millions)

818.9 1264.7 1585.3 1833.7 1779.6

GDP, PPP (current international $, millions)

2294.5 3510.9 3968.3 4390.6 4889.1
Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations)

...

...

...

...

146

Time to export (days)

38 38 38 38 38
Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards)

... ... ... ... ...

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide

2467.0 2706.0 2353.0 3195.0 2738.0

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source (% of population with access)

91.0 95.2 96.2 97.2 ...

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

41.7 43.9 44.6 45.2 ...
Source: World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System