India Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital New Delhi Head of State H.E. Mr. Pranab Mukherjee
Area 3.3 million sq. km Head of Government H.E. Mr. Narendra Modi
Total Population 1.24 billion National Day 26 January (Republic Day)
15 Aug (Independence Day)
Life Expectancy 66 years (2011) Type of Government Democratic Republic with Parliamentary System of Government
Literacy 74% (2011 census) Official Language Hindi
Currency Indian Rupee (INR) Exchange Rate 61.05/US$ (average of period)
Source: ADB Key Indicators, National Portal of India (india.gov.in) , and World Development Indicators Online
Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2012 (US$ B)* Top 5 Imports, 2012 (US$ B)*
Mineral products 59.3 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 195.8
Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones… 43.1 Textiles and textile articles 81.6
Principal Export Destination,
2012 (US$ B)**
Principal Imports Sources,
2012** (US$ B) **
United Arab Emirates 36.5 China, PRC 54.0
United States 37.5 United Arab Emirates 37.8
Source: *ADB Staff computations using UNCOMTRADE data by HS 1 digit; ** ADB Key Indicators

Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP (current US$, billion)

834.2 1365.4 1710.9 1872.8 1841.7

GDP, PPP (current international $)

2517.9 3700.9 4140.7 4489.3 4715.6
Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations)

... ... ... ... 131.0

Time to export (days)

27.0 17.0 17.0 16.0 16.0
Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards)

... 3.5 3.9 3.9 4.0

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide (thousands)

330.5 602.0 634.1 707.8 660.9

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source (% of population with access)

85.7 89.7 90.7 91.6 ...

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

29.9 33.4 34.2 35.1 ...
Source: World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System