Myanmar Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital Nay Pyi Taw Head of State H.E. President Thein Sein
Area 676,578 sq. km Head of Government H.E. President Thein Sein
Total Population 61 million National Day 4 January
Life Expectancy 63 years Type of Government Parliamentary Government
Literacy 92.7 (% of people above  ages 15, 2011) Official Language Myanmese
Currency Kyat Exchange Rate 640.7/US$ (average of period)
Source: ADB Key Indicators, Office of the President of Myanmar ( www.president-office.gov.mn), World Development Indicator
Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2010 (US$ M)* Top 5 Imports, 2010 (US$ M)*
Live animals; animal products 3993.87 Mineral products 1042.21
Vegetable products 1871.05 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 773.35
Principal Export Destination,
2012 (US$ M)**
Principal Imports Sources,
2012** (US$ M) **
Thailand 3362.6 China, PRC 6242.5
India 1219.7 Thailand 3419.3
Source: * ADB staff computations at HS 1 digit, using data from UNCOMTRADE; 2010 is the latest year with trade data by commodity groups; ** ADB Key Indicators

Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP, PPP (current international $)

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GDP per capita (current, Kyats)

221782.8 573212 665386 767492 848325

Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations)

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Time to export (days)

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Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards)

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Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide (thousands)

26.5 28.5 20.5 32.4 32.4

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source (% of population with access)

74.8 81.1 82.6 84.1 ...

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

69.1 74.6 76.0 77.3 ...
Source: ADB Key Indicators 2013 and World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System