Nepal Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital Kathmandu Head of State H.E. Bidhya Devi Bhandari,
President
Area 147,181 sq.km Head of Government H.E. Mr. Pushpa Kamal Dahal,
Prime Minister
Total Population 26.85 million National Day 28 May
Life Expectancy 68 years (2011) Type of Government Federal Democratic Republic
Literacy 57 (% of people above ages 15, 2011) Official Language Nepali
Currency Rupees Exchange Rate 85.2/US$ (average of period)
Source: ADB Key Indicators, Nepal Government Portal (www.nepal.gov.np) and World Development Indicators
Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2011 (US$ M)* Top 5 Imports, 2011 (US$ M)*
Textiles and textile articles 377.9 Mineral products 1431.0
Base metals and articles of base metal 175.5 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 776.2
Principal Export Destination,
2012 (US$ M)**
Principal Imports Sources,
2012** (US$ M) **
India 449.3 India 3201.6
United States 81.4 China, PRC 2165.2
Source: * ADB staff computations at HS 1 digit, using data from UNCOMTRADE; 2007 is the latest year with trade data by commodity groups. **ADB Key Indicators

Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP (current US$, billion)

8.1 12.9 16.0 19.1 19.0

GDP, PPP (current international $)

26.0 33.5 35.6 37.5 40.0

Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index
(1=most business-friendly regulations)

...

...

...

...

103

Time to export (days)

43

41

41

41

41

Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards)

...

2.8

2.9

2.6

2.7

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide

6,255.0

6,804.0

45,990.0

44,126.0

34,745.0

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source
(% of population with access)

82.2

85.8

86.7

87.6

...

Improved sanitation facilities
(% of population with access)

27.6

32.8

34.1

35.4

...

Source: World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System