Sri Lanka Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital Colombo Head of State H.E. Maithripala Sirisena (President)
Area 64,630 sq.km Head of Government H.E.Ranil Wickremesinghe (Prime Minister)
Total Population 20.3 million National Day 04 February
Life Expectancy 73.9 years Type of Government Democratic Republic (?)
Literacy 91.2 (% of people  above ages 15 ,2010) Official Language Sinhalese
Currency Rupee Exchange Rate 127.6/US$ (average of period)

Source: ADB Key Indicators, Presidential Secretariat of Sri Lanka (www.presidentsoffice.gov.lk) and World Development Indicators

Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2012 (US$ M)* Top 5 Imports, 2012 (US$ M)*
Textiles and textile articles 4,126.4 Mineral products 4,308.5
Vegetable products 1,905.8 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 2,539.9
Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof 1,044.4 Textiles and textile articles 2,341.8
Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones… 426.5 Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment 1,503.7
Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 357.7 Products of the chemical or allied industries 1,372.1
Principal Export Destination, 2012 (US$ M)** Principal Imports Sources, 2012** (US$ M) **
United States 2,151.0 India 4,269.5
United Kingdom 934.4 China, PRC 3,310.5
Italy 411.3 Singapore 1,720.7
India 603.2 Iran 1,538.1
Belgium 490.3 Hong Kong, China 442.5
Source: * ADB staff computations at HS 1 digit, using data from UNCOMTRADE; ** ADB Key Indicators

Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP (current US$, billion)

24.4

42.1

49.6

59.2

59.4

GDP, PPP
(current international $, billion)

69.7

95.6

104.5

115.4

124.9

Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index
(1=most business-friendly regulations)

...

...

...

...

83.0

Time to export (days)

25.0

21.0

21.0

21.0

20.0

Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF
(1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=
well developed and efficient by
international standards)

 

4.8

4.9

4.9

4.9

Air transport, registered carrier departures
worldwide

19712

16632

20921

26052

35940

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source
(% of population with access)

85.3

90.2

91.4

92.6

-

Improved sanitation facilities
(% of population with access)

84.3

88.9

90.0

91.1

-

Source: World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System