Thailand Country Profile

General Information 2012
Capital Bangkok Head of State H.R.H. King Bhumibol Adulyadej
Area 510,890 sq. km Head of Government H.E. Yingluck Shinawatra
Total Population 64.4  million National Day 5 December
Life Expectancy 74 years Type of Government Constitutional Monarchy
Literacy 93.5 (% of people above ages 15,2005) Official Language Thai
Currency Baht Exchange Rate 31.1 /US$ (average of period)
Source: ADB Key Indicators, Government Portal of Thailand (www.thaigov.go.th), WDI Indicators December 2013
Selected Export/Import Indicators
Top 5 Exports, 2012 (US$ B)* Top 5 Imports, 2012 (US$ B)*
Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 66.1 Machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment… 74.7
Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof 29.4 Mineral products 48.5
Principal Export Destination, 2012 (US$ B)** Principal Imports Sources, 2012** (US$ B) **
China, PRC 26.7 Japan 49.9
Japan 23.3 China, PRC 37.2
Source: * ADB staff computations at HS 1 digit, using data from UNCOMTRADE; ** ADB Key Indicators

Selected Economic Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

GDP (current US$, billion)

176.4

263.7

318.9

345.7

366.0

GDP, PPP (current international $,billion)

445.2

534.8

583.5

595.4

645.2

Selected Trade Facilitation Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Ease of doing business index (1=most business-friendly regulations)

-

-

-

-

18

Time to export (days)

24

14

14

14

14

Selected Infrastructure Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Quality of port infrastructure, WEF (1=extremely underdeveloped to 7=well developed and efficient by international standards)

0.0

4.7

5.0

4.7

4.6

Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide (thousand)

124.3

123.5

201.3

227.3

252.4

Selected Social Indicators

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Improved water source (% of population with access)

94.3

95.8

95.8

95.8

-

Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access)

93.6

93.5

93.5

93.4

-

Source: World Development Indicators, December 2013
Millenium Development Goals

2005

2009

2010

2011

2012

Source: ADB Statistical Database System